Aesthetic Medicine is quite a popular term in medicine today. This branch deals with improvement of cosmetic appearance of a person by treating variety of skin disorders. They include but are not limited to scars, skin laxity, wrinkles, moles, liver spots, excess fat, unwanted hair, skin discoloration, and spider veins. Aesthetic Medicine is actually a combination of dermatology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery and reconstructive surgery.
Aesthetic Treatments include both conservative and surgical modes of treatment. Sometimes, both conservative and surgical procedures are required to get the desired result for a patient. Majority of the surgical procedures done in Aesthetic Medicine are elective but definitely play a part in not only improving the cosmetic appearance of the patient but also improving the overall sense of well-being and emotional health as well.
Dr. Rajeshwari’s Clinic offers aesthetic treatments for all types of skin disorders best suited for the patient’s needs.
Scars form whenever there is a trauma or injury to the skin. This can be after a fall or due to cutting or scraping the skin. It can also form as a result of a surgical procedure. Scar formation is a part of the healing process. If scars develop at the exposed area of the body like the face or the neck, it is not only unsightly but also socially embarrassing for the individual.
There are different types of scars that have their own set of treatments. These include
- Keloid Scars: These types of scars stretch way beyond the original site of the injury. When severe, they may even interfere with normal movement of the joint. The primary treatments for a keloid scar include surgical removal, steroid injections, or application of silicone sheets to make the scar flat. In some cases, cryotherapy is also effective in getting rid of keloid scars.
- Contracture Scars:These scars form as a result of a burn injury to the skin. These scars make the skin sight around the site of the injury and interfere with the ability to move the affected area. At times, these scars also adversely affect the nerves and muscles.
- Hypertrophic Scars: These scars are similar to keloid scars raised with the only difference being that they do not cross the limits of the injury. Primary mode of treatment for these scars includes silicone sheets to make the scars flat and steroid injections to decrease the inflammation.
- Acne Scars: These scars develop after a severe bout of acne. There are a wide variety of acne scars which vary in shape and characteristics. The treatment for these scars depends on the type of the scar diagnosed by the physician.
The two most important factors which keep the skin tight and elastic are collagen and elastin. These are produced naturally by the body. However, as age catches up, the production of these two key components of the skin starts to decrease until it completely stops. This causes the skin to become lax and lose its elasticity. Stress and lifestyle habits also play a part in hastening the process of destruction of elastin and collagen.
Skin laxity can be treated both surgically as well as conservatively. The conservative options for treating skin laxity include creams and lotions that tighten up the skin. The efficacy of these lotions and creams however is questionable. Other conservative options for skin tightening include ultrasound, radiofrequency, and intense pulsed light with radiofrequency combination treatment.
Minimally invasive treatments for skin laxity are more effective and include laser resurfacing procedure. Surgical treatments for skin laxity include facelift procedure, eyebrow surgery, or neck lift.
Wrinkles are something that comes on naturally with age. They usually are seen on the areas which are exposed to direct sunlight like the face, neck, forearms, and hands. In fact, sunlight is the primary cause of wrinkles, especially in people with fair skin. The primary mode of treatment to make the wrinkles fade away as much as possible include anti-wrinkle medications, skin-resurfacing techniques, use of fillers, and surgical removal of wrinkles by way of facelift and brow lift.
Moles are skin growths that are caused due to clusters of melanocytes. These are quite common skin growths and can be seen in people who are in their teens. In majority of the cases, there are about 10-30 moles and most of them fade away with time or change in characteristics. There have been very rare instances of moles becoming malignant. However, careful monitoring of moles is important in detecting skin cancer very early. If the mole does not fade away on its own, then people wish to get it removed especially when it causes skin irritation.
Mole removal is not an exhaustive procedure and can be done on an outpatient basis. However, there may be a visible scar post procedure which may require further treatment. Conservative options to hide a mole include make-up to hide it, in case if the individual is too conscious of its presence. In cases where hairs grow out from a mole then clipping the hair or consulting a dermatologist is recommended.
Also known as Age Spots are small dark discolored areas on the skin of variable sizes. They are normally seen on the face, hands, arms, and shoulders, as these are the areas that are most exposed to direct sunlight. They are seen most commonly in people above the age of 50 even though here have been cases where people much younger have had it, especially if they spend a lot of time outside exposed to sunlight.
Liver Spots generally do not require treatment. However, purely for cosmetic reasons, these spots can be made light by using skin bleaching products. A surgical procedure can also be done to permanently remove it. Using sunscreens an avoiding too much exposure to sunlight are some ways to prevent Liver Spots from forming. Other modes of treatment for Liver Spots include Laser and intense pulsed light therapy, cryotherapy, Dermabrasion, and chemical peel.
Excess Fat not only is the cause of various health problems but also is problematic cosmetically. Excessive fat can change the shape and contour of the face and other areas of the body of cosmetic importance. This leads to both physical as well as emotional stress. Treating excess fat promotes not only good physical and emotional well-being but improves the overall confidence levels of the individual, apart from the various health benefits that less fat provides.
Diet and physical exercises are the best ways to get rid of excess fat but this is easier said than done. Also, excess fat in certain areas of the body have no effect of diet and exercise. In such cases, there are certain procedures that can be done to get rid of excess fat. These procedures include liposuction, minimally invasive lasers, and focused ultrasound.
It is not uncommon to see many people having excessive hair on their body. This is normally caused by hormonal changes, metabolic abnormalities, or side effects of certain medications. Some people are genetically predisposed to excess hairs on their body. Even though both sexes are affected equally, excess hairs in females can be cosmetically distressing.
There are various treatments available for treating excess hairs but the patients may require multiple sessions of treatments before the results can be observed. The number of session required is variable and differ from patient to patient and so is the efficacy of it.
Generally, people trim the excess hairs around the affected area. This is quite effective but it does not stop the hairs from re-growing again. Laser treatment to get rid of unwanted hairs is also quite effective in treating unwanted hairs. The type of laser and the intensity of it are determined taking into the consideration the patient’s color of the skin and hairs, and also how thick the hairs are. Before starting the treatments, the area affected the most and the amount of energy required to treat the unwanted hair is determined.
Also known by the name of Hyperpigmentation, this condition causes the skin surface in certain areas of the body to become darker. The primary reason for it is the excess production of melanin which is the pigment that gives the skin its color. Skin Discoloration is quite common in both males and females but is cosmetically discomforting in females who have a fair complexion. The reason for excessive production of melanin is due to high concentrations of melanocytes.
There are a variety of treatment options available for treating skin discoloration. These include Broad Spectrum Sunscreens which are quite effective. Some people use Hydroquinone to restore their original skin color. Additionally, Vitamin A and alpha-hydroxy acids are also quite effective in treating skin discolorations. There are also minimally invasive procedures like chemical peels and micro-needling which have shown promise in managing skin discoloration.
These form when there is dilation of blood vessels near the surface of the skin. Even though, there is no specific location where spider veins form but they are mostly seen in the face and the legs. Spider Veins are harmless but if they form in the legs they may cause discomfort and aching when sanding for long periods of time. The root cause of Spider Veins is not yet known but hereditary factors, pregnancy, injury or trauma, or hormonal imbalances are believed to be some of the causative factors.
Spider Veins are seen more in females than males with around 40% of females having some form of varicose veins including spider veins. The chances of having spider veins increases with age and studies suggest that more than 70% of females tend to have this condition by the time they are 80 years old. The best way to prevent spider veins is to stay active, maintain a healthy weight, and to wear compression stockings.
The primary treatment option for spider Veins include sclerotherapy in which the affected veins are injected with a solution which closes these veins causing the blood to flow from healthy veins. Another treatment for spider veins is laser surgery in which high intensity laser beams are focused on the affected vein to destroy it.
Also known by the name of Nose Job, this is quite a common procedure to change the shape of the nose, if someone is not happy with it. At times, it is recommended by physicians to address problems like breathing difficulties or in people with a fractured or a crooked nose. However, majority of the people who get a nose reshaping done tend to do it purely for cosmetic purposes even though they are skeptical about having it done surgically. This is where a nonsurgical nose job gets it popularity.
This procedure changes the shape of the nose without any cuts, incisions, or nicks to the skin. This procedure does its job by injection of hyaluronic injection. This is a temporary procedure but it gives the patient the result he or she is looking for by transforming the shape of the nose.
Additionally, surgical procedure has a long recovery period and there are chances of swelling for weeks if not months after the procedure. This is not the case with nonsurgical nose reshaping procedure. It is done as an outpatient and the patient can immediately get back to regular work after the procedure. Since no sedatives are used, the patient is completely awake during the procedure and in fact can see the change in the shape of the nose.
Tattoos are permanent designs made on the skin surface made by puncturing it with needles and injecting ink and dye into the deeper layers of the skin. These days, nearly every youngster, be it a male or a female, tends to have a tattoo at some part of the body or the other. The one thing that people should know before getting a tattoo is that it is permanent. Removal of a tattoo is a cumbersome and painful procedure and is much more costly than actually having a tattoo. Additionally, even surgical removal does not guarantee complete removal of the tattoo.
To get a tattoo, it is mandatory for the artist to clean the hands thoroughly with soap and water and wear fresh gloves. The area where the individual wishes to be tattooed should be washed cleanly with soap and water. Any hairs present in that area should be shaved cleanly. Then, the artist starts with making an outline of the design. Once done, the skin over the design is applied with petroleum jelly. Then a tattoo machine is used utilizing sterile needles and the tattoo is drawn. Any blood which oozes out should be cleaned and wiped with sterile gauze. The area is then bandaged till it completely heals.
Body piercing involves puncturing a part of the body and decorating it with jewelry. This is done by using a sharp object like a needle to puncture a hole in the skin. A piece of jewelry is then inserted in the hole. Ears are the most common place where a piercing is done but some females get it done on other areas of the body as well like the belly button or the tongue and lip. Body piercings are normally done purely for aesthetic reasons but at times it is also done as a part of religious belief. At Dr. Rajeshwari’s Clinic, we have a team of professionals who are experts in this art. Please visit the clinic to know details about this treatment and different ways to get it done.